Obesity is undoubtedly one of the most prevalent diseases around the world and obesity surgery is one of most preferred medical treatments in Turkey by the patients from all over the world who suffer from excess weight.
In addition to the technological evolution, that has saved much of the daily effort. Obesity is not only a physical health problem, but also a psychological problem in the first place. Where obese people are exposed to a constant psychological conflict between their current shape due to obesity, and the form they aspire to reach, which leaves them in a destructive psychological situation which lead them to heal themselves by devouring more foods, and that certainly lead to more obesity.
However, in the current age, obesity surgeries have become an ideal solution for eliminating all these psychological and physical burdens, where an obese patient can enjoy a healthy weight and a graceful body, as well as enjoying a more than wonderful self-acceptance, making them more self-confident and more open to life. Now that you are on this page, and you read this article, you are definitely looking for a solution to reach the dream of fitness you are looking for, so follow us in the next report to get to know all the details of the obesity surgery.
Obesity is not an easy problem to be solved, otherwise all those who suffer from it around the world would have managed to get rid of it, but it needs a will, determination, patience, great effort, and endurance, which many people lack. Therefore, turning to obesity surgery is the best solution to get rid of the obesity problem as soon as possible. Obesity surgery is based on a range of techniques that aim to reduce the size of the stomach and make it consume less food than it needs, thereby contributing to weight loss.
When Should You Get Obesity Surgery?
In fact, there are two types of obesity surgery, either by using endoscope or by tending to surgical incision, and often all surgeries nowadays are done by the endoscope so that the risks that can be caused during the surgery are minimized. Obesity surgeries include gastric bypass, stomach stapling, or stomach balloon, and other techniques.
You should keep in mind that not all types of obesity surgery are suitable for all conditions, and you should differentiate between moderate obesity and obesity. Ad you should know the body mass index to determine the appropriate type of the obesity surgery that must be done for the condition. Obesity surgery often gives amazing results besides relying on a healthy diet, and increasing the rate of sports activities that are practiced, so that the results from undergoing these techniques are preserved.
Who are the qualified people for obesity surgery?
- Those with a high BMI rate of 35 kg or more.
- Those who have serious health conditions caused by obesity, make it necessary for them to lose their weight.
- Who are fully prepared to commit to a healthy diet, exercise, because the surgery is only a helping factor that helps you to overcome the obesity problem, but you must commit to it.
Types of obesity surgery
For surgical obesity operations, there are more than one type of obesity procedures, and each type has a particular category of people, which are as follows:
Gastric Bypass Surgery
It is one of the most effective operations when we talk about weight loss in a surgical manner, in which the patient is subjected to total anesthesia, and then the doctor splits the stomach into two parts, a small upper-sized part that only accommodates up to 28 grams of food, 30 ml of drinks, and a large bottom part. Then the doctor makes a hole in the upper part, so that the upper part of the stomach is directly connected to the small intestine. The small size of the upper part forces the patient to eat small amounts of food and drink, which makes him lose weight. The procedure is a surgical procedure by all means, and is done through making an abdominal incision or through an endoscope mounted with a small camera that allows the doctor to see the stomach from the inside.
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Gastric sleeve surgery or gastric cutting is a process that aims to cut part of the stomach, to help the patient feel satiety faster, and the amount of the cut stomach is about 25% of the total original stomach size, the remainder is in the same size as a banana, and this procedure suits those who’s their body mass index exceeded 35 kg, and those who suffer from serious weight-related illnesses.
Botox injections in the stomach
We may not be able to call the Botox injections in the stomach technique a procedure as the patient is fully aware, and it is not necessary to be subjected to any serious surgical procedure. However, it is a great technique for those who wish to lose their weight. This technique is based on paralyzing the Intestinal muscles in an approximate way, so that they are less rapid in the process of digesting food, and the longer the food stays for the longest period in the stomach this will help making people feeling full for a longer time.
Botox, which is used in gastric injections, is the same as Botox which is used to treat the wrinkles that appear on the skin, both of which are working to cripple the muscle movement. The Botox that is used in the face paralyzes the movement of muscles, and sprains them, which limits the appearance of wrinkles, but in the stomach, the Botox paralyzes them, thereby reducing their digestive efficiency. This procedure is done by an endoscope with the Botox needle at the end of it, plus a camera that allows the doctor to see what’s inside. The endoscope will be entered through the mouth, so no need to make any incisions to enter it. The doctor will inject the muscles of the stomach with Botox with certain ratios determined by the doctor, and the effect of these injections lasts for 6 months, as during this period the patient will be able to minimize the size of his meals due to his constant feeling of satiety, thus reaching the low weight he was looking for.
Gastric balloon surgery
This procedure is based on entering a balloon inside the stomach that takes a large stomach space to help make the stomach full, which contributes to the feeling of satiety quickly. The balloon is entered through the mouth and the esophagus and this is done by a thin, flexible endoscope with a camera and a light at the end of it working on clearing the vision for the doctor inside the patient’s body.
It should be noted that almost three tubes can be entered to accelerate the process of weight loss, but be aware that the balloons that will be placed inside the stomach are removed again after 6 months of the operation, and this is to avoid the risk of damage to balloons, or getting popped for being in the stomach for a long period. Through this gastric balloon people can lose about 20 to 30% of the total weight, and this procedure takes only 30 minutes, and the patient can leave the center and go home after that.
Duodenum bypass surgery
The eating process does not follow a random approach, but rather takes a certain path until the food is completely degraded, there is a particular pathway of the gut to pass the food starting from the mouth, and then the pharynx, and then the esophagus, and the stomach, and then duodenum, and then into the small intestine. In this type of obesity operation, part of the middle of the gastrointestinal tract is excluded, where approximately 80% of the stomach is removed, or subjected to sleeve, and then the sleeved stomach and the duodenum are connected together with the existence of the valve, and a part of the small intestines will be cut and connected to the duodenum. The remaining part of the intestines helps minimizing the length of the small intestines path, which leads to reducing the absorption process and the exclusion of 80% of the volume of the stomach reduces the amount of food intake, which also helps to lose weight.
What are the potential risks in obesity surgery?
The risks of obesity surgeries are mainly due to two reasons if they are remedied, the risks that can be caused by obesity surgeries will certainly be remedied, namely, not choosing a professional physician who is competent in such type of operations, or not adhering to the instructions given to the patient by the doctor, thereby exposing him to risks. The risks are as follows:
- Exposure to risk of coma due to anesthesia risks
- Surgery failure due to the presence of fat around the liver.
- Exposure to blood clots or bleeding.
- Inability to lose weight for which the operation was performed.
- The body does not absorb vitamins and minerals, causing malnutrition.
- Gaining weight that has been lost again.
- Cases of nausea and continuous vomiting.
- Stomach blockage.
What to eat after the obesity surgery?
After the obesity surgery you should take into consideration the pattern of eating that you follow, and this is for two important factors, namely that obesity surgery cause malnutrition, and in many cases your body will lose a lot of minerals, vitamins, so you have to compensate the minerals that are lost with the foods you will eat within your diet. The second factor is that eating too much, and returning to the unhealthy diet again after the procedure, will lead to the deterioration of the results of the procedure and you will not get the slim body you want.
Therefore, you must expel the idea of eating whatever you want of quantities and food after performing an obesity surgery, because this is not true, and you will have to follow a specific diet set by your doctor in the first six months after the operation. Then you will be required to eat healthy foods that contain a lot of nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
What is the cost of obesity surgery?
The financial cost of obesity surgery depends on more than one factor, including the center where the operation will be conducted, and the state in which the center itself is located. If we talk about the Turkish centers we will find them cheaper in price than the European centers. Also the technique that will be used in the obesity surgery represents a huge factor, complex surgical techniques are certainly higher in price than simple techniques, and this, because they need complex procedures, and more time to perform them, in addition to the condition of the patient himself, and the amount of excess weight he suffers from. There is also an important factor in calculating the price, which is the additional services, provided after the procedure such as the follow-up, for example, all of this makes the prices of obesity surgery differ from one place to another, and from one condition to another.